Portrait of Peter I

The artist is unknown

Peter I the Great (Petr Alekseevich; May 30 / June 9, 1672, Moscow − January 28 /8 February, 1725, St. Petersburg) − The last king of all Rus’ from the Romanov dynasty (from 1682) and the first Emperor All -Russian (since 1721). He was the fourteenth child of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, but the first from the second wife, Queen Natalia Kirillovna (nee Naryshkina). The first of the Russian kings in 1698 began large -scale reforms of the Russian state and public way. Reigned from April 27 / May 7, 1682 to January 28 / February 8, 1725.

The 400th anniversary of the Romanov house. SPb, 2013. With. 112.

Peter I (Great; 1672–1725) – the youngest son of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. Since 1682 – Tsar (until 1696, together with his brother John V). Since 1721 – the first emperor of the All -Russian. The foreign and domestic policy pursued by him aimed to integrate Russia into the international European system. Under Peter I, all spheres of public life were subjected to reform: public administration, church, army, education, household culture. He founded the Russian fleet, waged wars with Turkey for access to the Black Sea and with Sweden – to the Baltic, in order to provide Russia with waterway to Western Europe.

The iconographic type of portrait was defined as “Versailles”. Supposedly “Versailles original, without hands; Given to Peter Ludovik XV “. The legend connects this portrait with authorship and. Rigo. There is a similar portrait in Versailles, however, according to French colleagues, he goes back to the portrait of the work of Peter Van Der Verf from the State Hermitage. Peter I. Time and environment. SPb, 2015. With. 32.

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