Portrait of Prince Andrei Bolshoi Ivanovich Repnin

The artist is unknown

Repnin Andrey Bolshoi Ivanovich (? – May 26, 1696) – the eldest son of the neighboring boyar and the butler of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Ivan Borisovich Repnin (1615–1697) and Evdokia Nikiforovna Pleshcheeva (? – April 8, 1695). Peter I. Time and environment. SPb, 2015. With. 125.

The traditional definition of the depicted as Prince Athanasius Borisovich Repnin, adopted by all researchers of the second half of the XIX – early XXI century, was recently revised with the clarification of personification and dating. Perhaps this is a posthumous image created simultaneously with the portrait of Andrei Menshoy no earlier than January 27, 1699 – the time of the death of Andrei Menshoy. The new version was adopted by the attribution council of the Russian Museum in 2014. Peter I. Time and environment. SPb, 2015. With. 92.

According to information with. AND. Letuin, depicted “in the Tsars of the Tsars Mikhail Fedorovich and Alexei Mikhailovich, who bore the name of the Tsars of the Tsars of the Tsars „Ferezi “. A pink satin zipun peeks out from under Ferezi, decorated with a attacked collar lined with pearls or „Hug “”. In the right hand is a typical Russian hat with a fur edge and a scarlet top, decorated with pearls ”(Letin. With. 61–62). The author dates the portrait on the costume of the 1650s, but allows the possibility of creating such a retrospective image in the 1690s. The studies conducted to establish the identity of the canvases and the soil of this portrait and the portrait of Andrei Menshoy (the era of Parsun. With. 143–145. No. 51–52). Apparently, they were created at the same time – a portrait of the younger one from nature, and the eldest, probably, according to the memories of loved ones. Apparently, Prince Andrei Bolshoi died very young. Given the year of the death of Andrei Menshoy-1699, it can be assumed that both portraits were written within the 1690s. N. X. Unknown artist. SPb, 2012. With. twenty.

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Portraits of the Princes of the Repnins who received the Russian Museum from IAX are extremely important and characteristic works of Parsuns, classical examples of this type of image.
According to n. M. Moleva, they come from the family meeting of the repnins, their last owner was the prince p. And. Repnin (about 1718–1778). About 1755 Prince Petr Ivanovich sold his large house with an extensive land plot of Moscow University, and portraits of repnins, together with the house, passed into possession and. And. Shuvalova, who handed them to the IAX (Molieva 1994. With. 51–52). However, for the first time “belonging to the Imperial Academy of Arts” they were mentioned in the catalog of the arranged. N. Petrov Historical Exhibition of 1870 (Kat. historical exhibition. With. 3. No. 2; With. 4. Number 3; With. 16. No. 45).

All three portraits were exhibited at the Tauride exhibition (1905), but the catalog was mentioned as images of Prince Ivan Borisovich, Prince Athanasius Borisovich and Prince Peter Alexandrovich (Kat. Tauride exhibition . With. one. No. 1408, 1409, 1410). In the Russian Museum, upon receipt, portraits were recorded in an inventory book under the names of Ivan Borisovich, Alexander Borisovich and Afanasy Borisovich Repnins. So they were mentioned in the catalogs of the meeting and exhibitions.

Their characters allegedly belonged to the XXIII knee of the genealogical tree of the princes of repnies. Their traditional dating of the 1690s did not cause any objections, especially since they all filed in the scheme of the “Sarmatian” portrait, widespread in the Russian art of the line of the XVII-XVIII centuries.

For the first time with. AND. Letin rightly doubted that the inscription on one of the images of “Partret of Prince Alexander Borisievich Repnin” corresponds to the name of the depicted (Letin. With. 61, 62). “Russian genealogy book” p. AT. Dolgorukova clearly testifies that Prince Alexander Borisovich was absent in the “Knee XXIII”. He was formed by two sons of Prince Boris Alexandrovich – Prince Ivan Borisovich, boyar, who died on June 5, 1697, and Prince Afanasy Borisovich, who died on November 25, 1653.

The presence of three repnins brothers “Russian genealogy book” indicates only in the “Knee XXIV”. These were the sons of Prince Ivan Borisovich: Prince Andrei Bolshoi Ivanovich, Prince Annikit Ivanovich and Prince Andrei Menshoy Ivanovich (Russian genealogy book. With. 271). They are, in our opinion, models of portraits. At the end of the XVII century, the brothers were about thirty years old, which corresponds to the age of the repnins depicted on the Parsunes. N. X. Unknown artist. SPb, 2012. With. eighteen.

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