The calling of Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov to the kingdom on March 14, 1613

The artist is Ugryumov

At the end of the XVIII century, Emperor Paul I artist G. And. Ugryumov was instructed to write a picture for the interiors of the Mikhailovsky castle on the themes of outstanding events of Russian history. So the canvases “The capture of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible” appeared and “The election of Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov to the kingdom”. For these monumental works, their author in 1800 received the title of professor. These paintings are distinguished by high skill, although the artist’s attempt to overcome the canons of classicism at the expense of the reliable image of the scene and real heroes did not quite succeed: the depicted scenes are distinguished by conventionality and somewhat pompous theatricality.

Mikhail I Fedorovich (1596, Moscow – 1645, Moscow) − The first Russian king from the Romanov dynasty, in 1613 was elected to the reign of the Zemstvo Cathedral, which closed the period of troubled time. The son of Boyarin Fedor Nikitich Romanov (subsequently − Patriarch of Moscow Filaret) and the nobleman Ksenia Ivanovna Romanova, nee Shestova. It was a cousin of the last Russian king from the Moscow branch of the Rurikovich dynasty, Fedor I Ioannovich.

Reigned from February 21 / March 3, 1613 to July 13/23, 1645.

The 400th anniversary of the Romanov house. SPb, 2013. With. 111.

Mikhail Fedorovich (1596–1645) – the first Russian king from the Romanov dynasty. The only surviving son of the eminent and wealthy boyar Fedor Nikitich, who adopted the name of Filaret (later Patriarch) and Ksenia Ivanovna Shestova (Monoka Martha, forcibly tonsured into monasticism with her husband under Boris Godunov). Fedor Nikitich Romanov-Yuryev-cousin of Tsar Fedor Ioannovich, the last of the Rurikovich. Mikhail Fedorovich – father of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, grandfather of Emperor Peter I. Mikhail Fedorovich was elected to the throne at the Zemsky Cathedral on February 21, 1613 after the liberation of Moscow from Polish interventionists, which laid an end to the vague time. In March of the same year, the embassy “from the whole Russian land” arrived in Kostroma, where Mikhail and mother with his mother resented at Boris, in the Ipatievsky monastery, lived to invite a 17-year-old young man to the kingdom. Despite the distrust of the “Moscow state”, the ambassadors persuaded Mikhail, “and in his thoughts did not want to reign in such a great state”, not to take off the “will of God”. On March 14, 1613, the monk of Martha blessed her son to the kingdom of the Theodor’s icon of the Mother of God – this icon has since become the family shrine of the Romanovs. It was this moment that Grigory Ugryumov depicted on the canvas. The program of the picture meets historical realities, its plot is deciphered in detail in the catalog of the Russian Museum: "Mikhail Fedorovich with his mother stands at the pulpit in the Cathedral of St. Trinity in Ipatievsky Kostroma Monastery. Near him, on the right, the Archbishop of the Ryazan and Murom Theoderite, in front of him, kneeling, brings him a crown and scepter, Fyorin Ivanovich Sheremetev. To the right of Sheremetev is the Archimandrite of the Chudovsky Monastery Abraham, Kelar Trinity-Sergius Lavra Abraham Palitsin, Prince Vladimir Ivanovich Bakhtyarov-Rostovtsy with the power and other deputies of the people".

In the picture, the accuracy of revealing the plot is important, turning the canvas into a kind of historical document, which indicates a careful study by the artist of sources. The wedding at the kingdom occurred on June 11, 1613. Upon the return of Metropolitan Filaret from Polish captivity in 1619, the young king shared secular power with his father. At that time, the revival of the Russian state began, Novgorod lands were returned to it. Letters were sent throughout the country, which spoke of the sovereign’s intention to establish prosperity and peace in the country, to protect it from enemies. The finished sketch of the picture is stored in the GTG.

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